Development and characterization of MYB-NFIB fusion expression in adenoid cystic carcinoma


Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common cancer type arising from the salivary gland. The frequent occurrence of chromosome t(6,9) translocation leading to the fusion of MYB and NFIB transcription factor genes is considered a genetic hallmark of ACC. This inter-chromosomal rearrangement may encode multiple variants of functional MYB-NFIB fusion in ACC. However, the lack of an ACC model that harbors the t(6,9) translocation has limited studies on defining the potential function and implication of chimeric MYB-NFIB protein in ACC. This report aims to establish a MYB-NFIB fusion protein expressing system in ACC cells for in vitro and in vivo studies. RNA-seq data from MYB-NFIB translocation positive ACC patients’ tumors and MYB-NFIB fusion transcript in ACC patient-derived xenografts (ACCX) was analyzed to identify MYB breakpoints and their frequency of occurrence. Based on the MYB breakpoint identified, variants of MYB-NFIB fusion expression system were developed in a MYB-NFIB deficient ACC cell lines. Analysis confirmed MYB-NFIB fusion protein expression in ACC cells and ACCXs. Furthermore, recombinant MYB-NFIB fusion displayed sustained protein stability and impacted transcriptional activities of interferon-associated genes set as compared to a wild type MYB. In vivo tumor formation analysis indicated the capacity of MYB-NFIB fusion cells to grow as implanted tumors, although there were no fusion-mediated growth advantages. This expression system may be useful not only in studies to determine the functional aspects of MYB-NFIB fusion but also in evaluating effective drug response in vitro and in vivo settings.